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Trust Management and Bad Data Reduction in Internet of Vehicles Using Blockchain and AI

  • November 19, 2023
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Blockchain offers cryptographically secure storage for recording transactions. However, one issue with blockchains is the problem of bad data and data reliability, where bad data refers to inaccurate, incomplete, or irrelevant data. This paper investigates how machine learning (ML) can be used to identify inaccurate sensor data added to a blockchain in Internet of Vehicles […]

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Blockchain-based Roaming and Offload Service Platform for Local 5G Operators

  • February 1, 2023
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Local 5G Operator (L5GO) concept is one of themost prominent versatile applications of the 5G in the nearfuture. The popularity of L5GOs will trigger a greater numberof roaming and offloading events between mobile operators.However, existing static and operator-assisted roaming andoffloading procedures are inefficient for the L5GO ecosystem due topoor service quality, data privacy issues, data […]

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A Novel Blockchain-as-a-Service (BaaS) Platformfor Local 5G Operators

  • February 1, 2023
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5G is a promising technology that has the potentialto support verticals and applications such as Industrial Internetof Things IoT (IIoT), smart cities, autonomous vehicles, remotesurgeries, virtual and augmented realities, and so on. Theseverticals have a diverse set of network connectivity requirements,and it is challenging to deliver customized services for eachby using a common 5G infrastructure. […]

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Proof-of-Monitoring (PoM): A Novel ConsensusMechanism for Blockchain-based Secure ServiceLevel Agreement Management

  • February 1, 2023
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AIn the current 5th Generation (5G) networkingparadigm, the enforcement of Service Level Agreements (SLAs)is a non-trivial measure to ensure the scope and the qual-ity of services and standards between tenants and serviceproviders (SPs). On top of this, Secure Service Level Agree-ments (SSLA) are introduced to ensure that SPs deliver themost critical and required security-related standards […]

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Multi-Access Edge Computing and Blockchain-based Secure Telehealth System Connected with 5G and IoT

  • February 1, 2023
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There is a global hype in the development of digital healthcare infrastructure to cater the massive elderly population and infectious diseases. The digital facilitation is expected to ensure the patient privacy, scalability, and data integrity on the sensitive life critical healthcare data, while aligning to the global healthcare data protection standards. The patient data sharing […]

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Need of 6G for the Metaverse Realization

  • December 1, 2022
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The concept of the Metaverse aims to bring a fully-fledged extended reality environment to provide next generation applications and services. Development of the Metaverse is backed by many technologies, including, 5G, artificial intelligence, edge computing and extended reality. The advent of 6G is envisaged to mark a significant milestone in the development of the Metaverse, […]

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Blockchain enabled Smart Grid 2.0

  • June 8, 2022
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Smart Grid 2.0 (SG 2.0) architecture is envisaged to revolutionize the next generation of electricity networks. Further, it is identified as a key role player in realizing Industry 4.0, which is striving towards cyber-physical systems. Blockchain integration in next-generation smart grids has proven to be beneficial in catering to the requirements of SG 2.0, which […]

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Blockchain-based Network Slice Broker to Facilitate Factory-as-a-Service

  • May 31, 2022
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The novel concept of Factory-as-a-Service (FaaS) allows the agility of adapting the manufacturing process by identifying the industry’s supply chain and user requirements. To cater to FaaS, flexibility in networking and cloud services is a must. 5G network slice broker is a third-party mediator that caters to networking resource demand from clients to the service […]

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A Provably Secure and Efficient 5G-AKA Authentication Protocol using Blockchain

  • February 7, 2022
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The next generation of mobile communication systems must be secured because of the ongoing entrance of numerous security attacks. Thus, to secure the underlying network, the 3GPP has designed an authentication and key agreement protocol, 5GAKA, to safely and stably access the mobile services. However, some recent observations indicate that 5G-AKA has numerous shortcomings such […]

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Fog Computing and Blockchain-Based Security Service Architecture for 5G Industrial IoT-Enabled Cloud Manufacturing

  • February 1, 2022
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Recent evolution of the industrial Internet of Things empowers the classical manufacturing model with cloud computing integration for Industry 4.0. Cloud integration advances the capabilities of manufacturing systems with cloud-based controlling and real-time process monitoring, which is renowned as cloud manufacturing (CM). However, cloud integration exposes the entire manufacturing ecosystem to a new set of […]

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